Hardness Rankings
hardwood gymnasium dance floor

The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a small steel ball into wood. It tells you how well a wood species withstands dents and wear, while also indicating how difficult a species will be to saw or nail.

Species Janka Rating
Brazillian Cherry 2350
Mahogany 2200
Australian Beech 2046
Merbau 1925
Purpleheart 1860
Pecan 1820
Maple 1450
Cypress 1375
White Oak 1360
Ash 1320
Beech 1300
Red Oak 1290
Birch 1260
Heart Pine 1225
Walnut 1010
Teak 1000
American Cherry 950
Pine 850
Fir 660